Wednesday, January 8, 2014

The percentage of Indian men who smoke every day has plunged from 3rd to 5th place over the last three decades, but the percentage of women smokers has remained unchanged. Considering the country’s population, India has more women smokers among all the countries except US.

The study was conducted by Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington. It shows that frequency of smoking among Indian men dropped from 33.8 per cent in 1980 to 23 per cent in 2012, reported media.

Female smoking frequency in 2012 was 3.2 per cent, nearly the same as in 1980. This comes to over 12.1 million women in 2012; the number of male smokers, by compare, was 98 million in that year.
The results were concluded after the study was done on the basis of on a wide range of data sources, including in-country assessments, government figures, and World Health Organisation statistics.

Interestingly, despite the low percentage of smoking among men in India, yet the rate of deaths from smoking in India touches million. “Smoking rates remain dangerously high for men and there is more work to be done to drive these rates lower,” Dr Srinath Reddy, president of the Public Health Foundation of India was quoted by media as saying.

Dr A Nandakumar, Director of National Cancer Registry Programme said, “Annually there is an increase in the incidence of lung cancer among women. For instance, the annual percentage change in the incidence rates of lung cancer is 0.8 per cent in Mumbai, 2.4 per cent in Delhi, 4.1 per cent in Bangalore and 4.9 per cent in Chennai. The age group of women is 35-44 years in some cities, younger women have taken to smoking in a big way.”